BSL in Toronto = 57% Increase in Dog Bite Incidents
In effect since 2005, breed-specific legislation (BSL) in Toronto which bans "pitbull-type" dogs including American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terries, and Staffordshire Bull Terriers - has 100% failed to prevent or reduce serious dog bite-related incidents in the city. In fact, over a 10 year period since BSL was enacted in the province of Ontario (which includes Toronto - its largest city and capital), dog bite incidents in Toronto have risen 57% (from 486 in 2005 to 767 in 2014) based on medical reports that doctors in Toronto are required to file for all serious dog bite-related incidents. While multiple peer-reviewed studies have determined that BSL is ineffective, dog bite data in Toronto is proving that BSL is also entirely ineffective in practice. Speaking about the failure of BSL in Toronto, a member of Ontario's Provincial Parliament stated: "The current law isn’t working, and thankfully we’re getting the stats to back that up. Anybody who’s been on this issue for a long time knows that it’s a predictable failure." By contrast, incidents in Calgary which adopted comprehensive breed-neutral regulations in 1985, have decreased by 67% (from 2,000 in 1985 to 641 in 2014). Furthermore, the significant reduction of aggressive dogs and bite-related incidents in Calgary has continued for over 30 years despite large increases in both the human and dog populations in the city since 1985.